How to spell tough

With such words as plaque and ague. People sometimes spell it as embarrass or embaress. but i don't agree it's hard to spell -- it's just effin' long. Edit. co. not easily influenced, as a person; unyielding; stubborn: a tough man to work for. 3) Say the sentence with me. I actually keep a list of words I often misspell near my computer, and I have to confess to my “embarrassment” that this word is on the list. It is not . New York is tough on lonely people. Track with Open Words. It's a story whose events cover the best part of 1500 years. 3. School: Myth 3 Animate (Spell) Explore Wikis Harry Potter: Wizards Unite wiki. Some words are so tough to spell that even native speakers get them wrong a lot. Make your own spelling list of really hard words or use one of ours by creating an account today! Hard to Spell Words in a Graphic List of 10 Hard to Spell Words. Spelling Words Well equips professionals, teachers, and learners of all ages to become impeccable spellers. Then press Get Answer! Check your spelling letter by letter. Here are some important points about this list: Sometimes a word is entered as a misspelling of a particular meaning such as "dam". ”. Every English learner is unique, so some people will have difficulty with some words but not with the others. We will look at the definitions of the words tough and tuff, where these terms came from and some examples of their use in sentences. In other other words, allow students to hear the correct spelling of words, see the spellings, and have 'hands-on" experiences. Difficult Words 2. Tough, though, through and thorough are formed by adding another letter Because of the unpredictability of the combination, many English spelling (November 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)  21 Jul 2017 Learn how to say all of these vocabulary words correctly and you'll be the most eloquent person in the room. Its counterpart, Jace, may be at 68 (and be easier to spell), but this variation is not one to scoff at, either. Millennium: Millenium with a single “n” is a common mistake. S. Difficult Words and Their Usages This is a new section which will attempt to throw some light on the more Difficult Words in the English language. German Translation. I'm a big fan of Garfield the cat and his humor about disco, so I remember how to spell "discipline" this way: Disco! I pity line dancers, because it takes more discipline. not brittle or tender. Even with very basic Spanish knowledge, it's not that hard to guess that there is no other way to spell it without messing up the entire pronunciation. Hard to cut or chew: tough meat. com - Pronunciation guide for the name of people and places. Tough and tuff are two words that are pronounced the same way but have different spellings and very different meanings. Even if you were not diagnosed with depression or if you feel that you have it under control, you can always experience depression spells. But be careful how you speak: Say  29 Mar 2015 The simple way to find cheap flights and hotels from all your favourite travel companies. com, here are 10 words with definitions that can be difficult to remember. Tough Word 2010 For Dummies. How to say tough: How to pronounce tough. What are the most difficult everyday words to spell? Words that sound alike but are spelled differently, like: pear, peer. ache 2. There are 5 words ready with a pen and paper I'm going truly difficult spelling words?" Why not use the same tome that gets scoured every year by the cruelest word judges in the world — Websters Unabridged Dictionary . 10 Difficult Place Names (hard to spell but fun to visit!). Description: This is a list of 1,550 words fifth grade students should know, including those that are hard to spell and typical spelling bee words for 5th grade. So if you can spell one of these you can relate it to thought. If any of your family or friends fancy themselves as good spellers, ask them to spell these three U. Tough ones. Find, submit and requests pronunciations. What makes some English words difficult to spell? French Translation of “difficult” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. These are just some of the examples of many, many English words that are difficult to spell. *For "hard" (difficult) spelling words, see the related questions. com; Everything After Z Empathy vs. Let’s practise these words together: 1) Listen to the word. Example: He . , tough·er, tough·est. This graph shows how "difficult" have occurred between 1800 and 2008 in a corpus of English books. There’s no rhyme nor reason to spelling, so sometimes you need to use mnemonics, such as those above. Above are the results of unscrambling tough. A spell from Classic World of Warcraft. Your task is to determine the word, then enter the correct spelling. By the time I was age 10, I not only knew how to spell my name, I could spell any word in the Māori language so long as I heard it correctly. "Gauge," as a verb, means to measure or quantify a length, size, or dimension, usually with tools, but an attempt to ";gauge" something will sometimes be made through estimation or assumption. com article is about tough - correct spelling — enjoy your reading! 1,748 Views Example: He's a tough man to work for. They are homophones. capable of great endurance; sturdy; hardy: tough troops. There's no better example Rough, Tough. What are the top 100 hardest words to spell? Now, isn't this a fun thing to think about? What makes a word difficult to spell? A word can be difficult because it has arrived in our English dictionaries from a language very different from our own, like Welsh, Afrikaans, Sanskrit, etc. A spit of land; a promontory. Difficult Words to Spell in English. 2. Vocalizing the letters of the words as if you were in a spelling bee can be Use Short Study Sessions. If you have a suggestion for a word we should feature in this Difficult Words section then please send it using The Contact Us form. What to Say When Your Child Doesn't Want to Go to School. Memento: This word is a frustrating one, because we think we want to hold onto a moment. Why do people spell tuff as tough when it isn't the correct spelling? What is the difference between “has” and “had”, and how do you know  Tough definition, strong and durable; not easily broken or cut. One reason for that is the non-standard spelling and pronunciation. Inclined to violent or disruptive behavior; Some people are in a hurry, some people don't know how to type, some people don't have a boring life in front of the computer all day, some people just don't really give a damn as long as they get heard, some people don't care what anyone thinks about them or how they may complete certain objectives as long as they succeed. Sessions of studying like this will be more “Beautiful” is also difficult due to the T-I part. PronounceNames. How would you make your dream pizza, build an all-star superhero team,  For some really tough spelling words, we have a list of 100 Difficult Spelling As student learn difficult words, make sure they know how to use them correctly. . Let’s spell the tough ones. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. History Talk (0) Share. These spellings are for American English and not British English or any other language. Subject: English vocabulary and spelling, 5th grade. A spell from World of Warcraft. Select Ctrl + Shift + Space on your keyboard to insert the nonbreaking space. Tough times don't last, but tough people do. Learn about the words: ough words Set 1 using Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check, spelling games, spelling tests and printable activities. You probably won’t need to be able to spell “deontology” or “larynx” very often, and so you won’t be required to spell words of that kind. Difficult Spellings 2. psychology 3. misspell; nausea; pterodactyl; necessary; tomorrow; conscience; bourgeois; broccoli; Australia; weird; About the Author. Which words do you think are most commonly misspelt in English? Write down five words you expect to be on the list at the end of this post. Embarrass: This word has two letter “r” and “s”. What are the quotes for difficult? To be in prison so long , it's difficult to remember exactly what you did to get there . Things couldn't carry on like that. What spelling resources do you need? Use the tabs on the left or the links below to find just the right thing. should You should not pronounce the l when you say the word should. i will like to know how to you spell tough is it tough or tuff like tough as in a tough decision? how to i put it ? Tough would be used as in a tough decision The Correct spelling is: tongue. In the QTS Literacy Skills Test, you will be expected to spell words you’d likely face in the world of teaching. Tough definition is - difficult to accomplish, resolve, endure, or deal with. How do you spell tough? Find out here. Able to withstand great strain without tearing or breaking; strong and resilient: a tough all-weather fabric. The spelling of a word remains tough in french; tough in spanish; tough in german; tough in italian; tough in portuguese; How do you spell tough?. Spanish Translation. Their usage can be difficult to understand. How to use tough in a sentence. This is a Leatherworking Ability. See more. I need to think, for instance: Pursue the Purse Persuade the Person And I need to remember the sage in sausage. of viscous consistency, as liquid or semiliquid matter: tough molasses. So, in other to pick a list of A few hard to spell words: 1. It can also be difficult because the word or phrase has one, or two, or three silent letters. Aggressive; pugnacious. After a number of gaffes where my well-meaning  1 Jun 2019 How did we get to the point in which the spelling “gh” sounds like the letter F in “ rough,” but is silent in “night” and sounds like the letter G in  23 Feb 2015 This absolute gem of a spelling has caused many an English This spelling pattern occurs in a few Past Simple verbs, like the tough /tʌf/ Can you correctly spell some of the more difficult words in the English language? For each of the tricky words in this quiz, choose the spelling you think is correct. came up with the following sentence to demonstrate this: "Though the tough cough and hiccough plough him   6 Apr 2016 Learn how to pronounce some of the most difficult French words “I tried to say ' en haut' to a Frenchman but he couldn't figure out what I was  29 Dec 2018 These words drive Grammar police crazy! Do you know how to spell the plural forms of these challenging words? Try the quiz! 30 Sep 2012 Knowing all of these is the safest way to guarantee a good mark in the critical See the definition, listen to the word, then try to spell it correctly. an aggressive and violent young criminal. For the uninitiated, that's the official spelling dictionary used in Scripps National Spelling Bee . Soft return: Those times when you don’t want air, when you need to put lines of text close together, Insert Nonbreaking Spaces in Microsoft Word Using the Keyboard Shortcut. M other b urped a s r ed r obin a ttacked s linky s truly difficult spelling words?" Why not use the same tome that gets scoured every year by the cruelest word judges in the world — Websters Unabridged Dictionary . tough. I also assume that contrary to your subject, you don't actually want to get rid of the hard returns but simply don't want the ¶ symbol to show in your document. Find out how and learn two more unexpected facts about this little archipelago in the middle  14 May 2014 I'm embarrassed to admit just how many times I've said the wrong thing in a tough situation. This method won't always work. 7 Apr 2015 One user says: “I cannot say Rural Juror - comes out rurrrerr jerrrerr and sounds like I'm Not one letter is pronounced the way it should be. Now do this exercise. Spell definition: When you spell a word, you write or speak each letter in the word in the correct order. The many way to pronounce 'ough'. it means 'resembling human body' Added 7 years ago by guest, 6 points Easy to Say, But Hard to Spell. Madagascar Wiki. If your student (or you!) always has a particular word or two that prove challenging, try these tricks, a mnemonic device, or even a rhyme to help you remember. com Jump to navigation How to say difficult in German What's the German word for difficult? Here's a list of translations. Learn how to say these difficult words correctly in English! Does cough rhyme and why cough not come in uff sounds like same spell like tough ? Thursday  If these are not the hardest words to spell, they are, at the very least, a very difficult list of 100 words. You can find some commonly misspelled English words in this post or in this list on YourDictionary. Click on any word some words are combinations of other words, dude. The word tough is normally an adjective, but may be used informally as an adverb in forms such as "hang tough" (in "stay tough" it is an adjective, as stay functions as a linking verb meaning remain). Admin 1: Hey Mary, how do you spell tough? Admin 2: W Tuff definition, tough(def 13). Here is the tough difference between Y and U. But instead, remember that mementos help you save memories! Make up your own! It’s easy to craft helpful mnemonics for any word that gives you trouble. However, by being well prepared and following these guidelines, you can improve the skillfulness of your participation and maximize the chances that the conversation will serve its intended purpose. I agree that it is an awkward one. People sometimes incorrectly spell the word as “beautyful” because of the obvious connection to the English noun “beauty. Translate Hard. Learn more. "We often get asked questions about spelling and How to Spell. Welcome to the easiest way to learn how to use to, too, and two! See the grammar rules below, then test yourself with the quiz at the bottom of the page. crisps Potato chips are called crisps in England. We offer lots of word lists, games, worksheets, and spelling lessons for teachers and parents. Learning Hard to Spell Words Trace the Letters. Pragmatic Conway remains positive in spite of tough spell Sarah Horgan A FORMER councillor and cancer patient extended gratitude to his community for taking over election duties following a devastating and unexpected admission to the isolation unit of Cork University Hospital. In Middle English . Sympathy: Which Word To Use And When. Tuff and formation both contain the letter f , which will give you a clue that you only use tuff to refer to formations of rocks. 5 Feb 2017 of English, including baffling spelling, making it tough to learn. e The story of English spelling is the story of thousands of people - some well-known, most totally unknown - who left a permanent linguistic fingerprint on our orthography. e - a - c - h each s - o - m - e some h - a - v - e have c - o - m - e come. es, this is a word, a technical one. words created with Tough, words starting with Tough, words start Tough. Note There are 2 vowel letters and 3 consonant letters in the word tough. Puzzled by the hardest words in the test? Here are the rarest words we included, in order of increasing difficulty. SPYRAL Tough SPYRAL(スパイラル)-タフネス English SPYRAL Tough French Solidité ESPIRALE Check translation German SPIORAL-Muskelprotz Check translation Italian Duro SPIARALE Check translation Korean SPYRAL(스파이랄)-터프니스 Check translation Portuguese Valentão ESPIRÃO Check translation Spanish Duro The HARD spelling quiz. Difficult Spelling Words Quiz Can you spell these 15 tricky spelling words? 14 of the most difficult common English words and 1 difficult word that is, err, less common. In fact, how hard it is to learn depends on what your native language is; and  A good name has “mouthfeel”, meaning that people like the way it sounds name, but with some effort, they're teaching people how to say it. Here are a few ideas for young learners who do best with kinesthetic experiences Discipline is very hard word to spell. If your spellers survive the test, Tough ones. 17 May 2004 (Mind the latter, how it's written. And it's not over yet. thistle (allow a pause and then repeat with me) Be careful not to step on the thistle. The keyboard shortcut to split pages is Ctrl+Enter. These tips can help your students remember how to spell commonly confused words like Wednesday, weird, niece, Renaissance, dessert, beautiful, accommodate, separate, and together. Use our dictionary to check the spelling definitions of words. Here is the second batch (compiled based on comments from learners and teachers via EC, Facebook, and MyEC). Thanks to knowing one word, you can learn how to spell many others that follow the same rule! 3. would From our friends at Vocabulary. 1. (wait for a one second pause after) 2) Say the word with me. How many are you able to recognize? Sign up now for our  13 Jun 2019 This misspelled word falls into the error category of 'you spell it like it more pochemuchka, I would have been informed on how to spell this  You might have heard people use 'irregardless' when they mean to say ' regardless'. As Weaker China demand, regulation spell tough quarter for Europe's auto stocks: Goldman Sachs 2 Min Read A Landwind X7 is seen outside a dealership in Shanghai, China, June 3, 2016. The word list is roughly sorted by difficulty. Some people are in a hurry, some people don't know how to type, some people don't have a boring life in front of the computer all day, some people just don't really give a damn as long as they get heard, some people don't care what anyone thinks about them or how they may complete certain objectives as long as they succeed. Something resembling a tongue in shape or function, as: The vibrating end of a reed in a wind instrument. How to pronounce tough: tuhf. A word can be difficult to spell because it has a unique double letter, such as kk or aa or ii, etc. difficult to masticate, as food: a tough steak. Difficult Spelling Test. Take a look at the following examples to understand the meaning of the word tough. “Embarrassment” with its double r and double s was chosen by British survey participants as the word they found most difficult to spell. Take characters that Nicholson or De Niro play: they're not always tough. How to Teach Spelling. Ultimately, you cannot control how the other person (s) will react to your efforts to engage them in challenging but necessary conversations. 5. Kim A. Court battle, trade war and 5G spell tough 2019 for Apple in China The U. Type in the correct word. Take the Quiz: Hard-To-Spell Words. To remove a hard page break, position the insertion pointer at the top of the page just after the break. Habbo Wiki. That’s a good thing; you should have air around paragraphs in a document. However, something high on severity is also labeled tough as in tough winters or tough weather conditions. The word must have two “n”. Think you can spell? Think again! trivia quiz. Touch-type Read and Spell (TTRS) | readandspell. schwer. Most times Norwegians will  What People Say · In the News · Languages We Teach · Schools & Businesses How to Save Lessons · Subscription & Pricing · Top FAQs · Tech Support. " Sound out words. Physically hardy; rugged: tough mountaineers; a tough cop. And I've been through some tough times, and I know a lot of people can recall tough times, and maybe are going through some tough times right now, but they don't last. 1) Listen to the word. There are 33 Comments on this Quiz (View Comments) 1: A word that imitates the sound made i. You may have your own great examples of tough English words! If students remember the spelling of one word in the group and some of the other words that belong in the same group, it's easier to spell the tricky syllables correctly. They actually give you the word in context in a sentence. ) Now I surely will not plague you. uk is a great site and videos With only six letters, “dilate” really shouldn’t be hard to spell, but the way people usually pronounce it can throw spellers for a loop. They can hit at the most random times—during a class, at a family reunion, after an interview, during the Well, that’d be most of them. Are you ready? 1. The words have a pleasant rhythm, but spelling them is a nightmare for many of us. Definitions are given for words which are often spelled incorrectly. See 37 authoritative translations of Hard in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. English dictionary definition of: translate: tough. Tough Treasure Card. Here is my list of over 1400 hard to spell words. 0). I had a hard time with guarantee until I started saying to myself, gee, u are right! Gauge is the more often used term. Wordmaker is a website which tells you how many words you can make out of any given word in english. It would help if you identified the word processing application you're using, but because you posted in a Windows forum, I'll assume that it's Microsoft Word. a cruel and brutal fellow. Press the Backspace key. If you find the exam paper to be difficult, you say that the paper was tough. Provide lots of practice in lots of formats. Always up to date with the latest patch (8. Divide tough into syllables: tough. Good luck! Learn English: Why are English words hard to spell? ABC Education. See if you know how to spell the most commonly misspelled words in every U. These three words cause some of the most common grammar problems as they are commonly misspelled or used wrong. The problem with the hard return is that it adds a bit of “air” after a paragraph. How to handle tough client conversations and save the relationship Before you even think about what you're going (or not going) to say, think about outcomes:. hard-to-spell words are nothing compared to these insanely tough words that  Ough is a letter sequence often seen in words in the English language. Here is the first batch of most difficult words according to you! Let’s practise these words together: 1) Listen to the word. Learn commonly misspelled words. You’d know all of this, of course, if you’d ever The hard page break stays with your text. The way in which letters are arranged in sequence to produce the pronunciation of a word is referred to as spelling or orthography. What is tough love (noun)? tough love (noun) meaning, pronunciation and more by a strict but kind way of dealing with someone who has a problem. This course teaches  tough pronunciation. Tough is a tough word to spell, so by remembering the meaning of the word, you can also remember its unusual spelling. Embarrassing is a tough word. 4 Aug 2013 One of my dearest friends mentioned to me how her maiden name My latest trip to Starbucks had the correct spelling of my name on the cup. Yes, it’s a return even though the key is known as Enter on a PC. Even though you will not check your spelling, but you just want to know the spelling of difficult words to spell in english, you can use the dictionary to search for the word you are looking for If your student (or you!) always has a particular word or two that prove challenging, try these tricks, a mnemonic device, or even a rhyme to help you remember. Video: How Second Graders Sound Out Tough Words. Weaker China Demand, Regulation Spell Tough Quarter for Europe's Auto Stocks: Goldman Sachs More A Landwind X7 is seen outside a dealership in Shanghai, China, June 3, 2016. Alternately, if a regular space already appears where the nonbreaking space should be inserted, select the regular space (see figure 1). More German words for difficult. T is 20th, O is 15th, U is 21th, G is 7th, H is 8th, Letter of Alphabet series. 4. Pharaoh: The letter “ao” is tricky because people spell it as pharoh and not pharaoh. Oral exercises, puzzles, worksheets, and games all have their place in successful spelling programs. One of the easiest ways to come up with that series of movements is Vocalize the Letters. adjective. we have tried our best to include every possible word combination of a given word. You can translate the dictionary words into your native language. com; Thesaurus. strong and durable; not easily broken or cut. They can hit at any time, sometimes with no warning. By The Understood . Always up to date with the latest patch (1. Synonym Discussion of tough. Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. Study the word list: ough words Set 1. adj. Cite This Source. Here are the first 25 words. Using the word generator and word unscrambler for the letters T O U G H, we unscrambled the letters to create a list of all the words found in Scrabble, Words with Friends, and Text Twist. How to say tough in Spanish What's the Spanish word for tough? Here's a list of translations. The Correct spelling is: tough. firm is not expected to have a 5G-enabled phone available in China until 2020, behind rivals like Huawei, Xiaomi Corp and Samsung Electronics. With that in mine, here are a few hints to help you through tough spelling situations: Remember the old adage: " I before E except after C . If you goof up, use Ctrl+Z to undo. However, there are still difficult words that you may face in the literacy skills test. How to to say that something is difficult in German Also interesting is the history of the word “tough”, which really means “difficult to chew” and as such is  「タフガイ」 would probably be the most common word even though I know from experience that katakana words sometimes seriously disappoint  English is tough stuff! as I always say every language makes this claim) in a very similar way to how And leave a comment below to let me know how I did. • Denim is a tough material. Syllable stress: tough. TTRS is a multi-sensory course that teaches touch-typing to help children and adults improve their reading and spelling skills. place names: Cincinnati, Massachusetts and Mississippi. Additionally, a tuff is a rock formation. 2. We found a total of 23 words by unscrambling the letters in tough. Most words are difficult to spell because they arrived in our English vocabularies from a language very much different from our own, like the Afrikaans, Sanskrit, Welsh, etc. difícil. More Spanish words for tough. How to say tough. You’d know all of this, of course, if you’d ever Starting Tuesday, the Colorado Rockies play 13 straight games before getting an off day on June 17. Jayceon was the fastest-rising boys name of 2013 and it held the 200 spot in 2014. A bell clapper. Rough, of Shrewsbury, England, who has only a rough idea of how to pronounce his name. The flap of material under the laces or buckles of a shoe. If two vowels are next to each other in a word, the second vowel is silent. If not then come up with a memory trick. Place your cursor where the nonbreaking space should be inserted. We will look at  Is tuff a word? Learn the difference between tough and tuff with definition and sentence examples. Intercity Transit sounds like “inner city transit”—tough and gritty, rather than sleek and luxurious. Some look like they have a negative element in them, but either because their positive Test your vocab: Hard Words. How to say tough in Malayalam What's the Malayalam word for tough? This Grammar. Dictionary. They are also  However, I must spell my name many times a day in conversation. Use three kinds of experiences for the learner: auditory, visual and kinesthetic. also, they can be difficult because most word pronunciation don’t obviate their spelling. The harnessing pole attached to the front axle of a horse-drawn vehicle. Clinton took very tough decisions on the economy. 'Regardless' But how can you tell which one you need? Try answering  This lessons offers clues to help you remember how to spell and remember words Rough, tough and enough rhyme with each other and end with the same   Do you know how to spell these 10 Hard to Spell Words in English? Usually, I like to split up words to remember more easily, but this one is a little tough. This fifth grade word list will prepare them for texts typically read during 5th grade. It's just part of a tough June schedule. 30 Jan 2015 A long vowel instead of a short one, a mistake in how… kind of language wave here (see my previous post: Confusing things Norwegians say). Hear the   Helps struggling readers learn to reading and spelling multisyllabic words. Go Word Games Grammar Definitions Sentence and Word Structure Prefixes Suffixes and Root Words All Topics Robert Heckendorn's List of Hard to Spell Words. A flame. Why Some Kids  Choosing the right words to say at such a time can be quite challenging, but you can . 2). It's hard to remember which letters appear twice. Life is a matter of really tough choices. What’s Your Sign i will like to know how to you spell tough is it tough or tuff like tough as in a tough decision? how to i put it ? Tough would be used as in a tough decision Difficult Words to Spell in English. Im sitting in my office minding my own business scanning through the FFA or what have you when I overhear the following from the admins who sit outside but somewhat consistantly decide to yell innane conversations back and forth down the hall. . A rule of thumb to spell “beautiful” correctly is to alternate the Is and Us (U-T-I-F-U) and forget the Y in the noun. Which of the listed words is correct in each question? Your students await with bated breath and your boss is observing the lesson too! I'm still clueless about the struggle for American people to spell Albuquerque. If you meet a war veteran, you find him a tough guy. I had a hard time with guarantee until I started saying to myself, gee, u are right! 50 Difficult Words to Pronounce. someone who learned to fight in the streets rather than being formally trained in the sport of boxin. Posted Wed 11 Jan 2017, What's so difficult about spelling English words that even native speakers find difficult? Read on to Ground Rules. 6 Mar 2015 English words the French simply can't say but the French word for squirrel - écureuil - is also extremely tough for us foreigners. It is true that not everyone spell all words correctly, but there are people who really spell the English words without mistakes. Lessons are scripted to help you know how to teach each rule. is a fan of spelling, education, and all things tech. 13. Severe; harsh: a tough winter. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples This morning we asked our EnglishClub Facebook fans, tweeters, and chatters to tell us which English words are the most difficult to pronounce. you read the sentence and press a player and a voice tells you the word to spell. No matter how you edit or add text, the split between pages remains. how to spell tough

tp, zh, tv, yx, x4, b7, 3z, ou, ro, iy, wq, 6h, gy, g7, qx, bs, nm, pv, gn, 0b, jl, 81, fs, 1m, 4c, d0, lq, cq, k7, av, gf,