How to make isometric drawing

Overcooked 2
Snap to one intersection in the isometric grid we have set up, and move two steps up. In order for a design to appear three dimensional, horizontals usually are drawn at 30° from the normal horizontal axes, while verticals remain parall To draw isometric of cube 1) Draw two basic 30 degree guidelines, one to the left and one to the right, plus a vertical guideline in the centre of the drawing. the sub-option that you need to select is the “Isocirlce” option. It is a dynamic drawing which uses edges, cubes or faces. The main difference in the aesthetics of an isometric and oblique drawing is that an isometric drawing will put more emphasis on the edge of the interior/building, whilst an oblique drawing tends to focus more on the face or front of the interior/building. To use isopoly, you need to load the program to AutoCAD first. The starting point for the map is an empty isometric template. …Reviewing it, from above and at an oblique angle. STEP 4  Draw the details of the object by analyzing the figure and determining the points in relation to other points representing the corners, surfaces, and edges. Assumptions A plumber should be competent in creating and interpreting drawings. Ø It’s popular within the process piping industry because it can be laid out and drawn with ease and portrays the object in a realistic view. This basic isometric drawing of the object gives a very good idea of what it looks like. 4. You can also create isometric text and isometric position balloons. This short guide will help you to ‘think isometric’ and use Hexels’ dedicated iso tools with confidence. Use some rectangles to get an interesting floor plan. Comments How to make a pixel chair This is a fourth part of my pixel art tutorial series  An isometric drawing displays the three-dimensional view of an object. We have been working hard for more than a year on "A Place for the Unwilling", and I thought it would be a cool idea to share part of the technical process we have gone through. I'm trying to learn isometric picture on photoshop. Start detailing. I've found an example on web, just as an image. Rotate it at a slight angle using the Selection Tool (V). Software required: AutoCAD 2015. ” One of the recent examples of Lee Mac has an AutoLISP program to do this. How to Create an Isometric Grid in Adobe Illustrator. Go to the draw panel and click on the file for ellipses and select axis end that one there. com The term “isometric” is one of the most misapplied words in the design industry. Time and. Draftsight is a 2D CAD program, but that doesn’t mean you can’t create an isometric view. This work is gorgeous. In the Inspect Mode, you can: See a 3D or 2D version of your isometric drawing. …We'll start with the left plane. It was produced for my KS4 DT RMT and  8 Jul 2019 You can see that it is a very simple drawing. Creating isometric drawings, especially  7 Jan 2016 With isometric grid, however, that would also mean developing a rather strange routine to draw the grid (going in "diagonal lines"), which may . Select the Pen Tool (P) and let’s get started. Isometric projection is a method for visually representing three-dimensional objects in two Note that with the cube (see image) the perimeter of the resulting 2D drawing is a perfect regular hexagon: all the black lines have equal length and all  28 Sep 2017 In this article I am going to explain the differences between isometric and Unlike perspective drawings, all axes in axonometric projections do  23 Apr 2014 Know some fundamentals about isometric drawing; Be able to set up an isomeric grid on art boards; Be able to make kick ass isometric cubes  The mobile phone / music player opposite, has been sketched in free hand isometric projection. There is also a library of components often used, such as nuts, screws, washers and bearings. Objects are smaller as they get further  An isometric drawing allows the designer to draw an object in three dimensions. 82. In order for a design to appear three dimensional, a 30 degree angle is applied to its sides. 2. Learn how he works from sketch through vector in Illustrator, and then adds a worn image for the final vintage graphic touch. In part (or asm) in vieuw manager you have to save the created isometric view and give it a name. 18 Jan 2009 Here is another great drawing tutorial. The guidelines are not only limited to drawing three-dimensional objects, in fact, if a detail needs to be added in an object, the guidelines also come in very handy by limiting the size of a detail to be added in the object. Lee Mac has an AutoLISP program to do this. Create an exploded view. Users include…. See more ideas about Isometric drawing exercises, Technical drawings and 3d drawings. This tutorial will also help you to create patterns easily and briefly. 10 Sep 2012 This resource was produced to act as a step by step guide to making an isometric drawing. In a similar way an isometric view can be obtained for example in a 3D scene editor. You can’t do it with Partial Section or with Display only Cut Face(s) selected. The actual view is a model view, usually in the isometric orientation. It is need more practices. At this image, left square is my tile. Your final drawing will look like this after using DIMEDIT on all three dimensions. During our tutorial, we will create a Layer chart, Column and Pie graphs. This makes sure that items closer to the player are drawn on top of items farther away. And to be more specific, use the “Axis, End” ellipse tool. step by step: drawing normal surfaces in isometric Follow these steps to create an isometric drawing of the object shown below, which has normal surfaces only. Exploded Views in Drawings You can create an exploded drawing view from an existing exploded assembly view. When drawn under these guidelines, the lines parallel to these three axes are at their true (scale) lengths. If the job is to get a section view in an isometric orientation, the just order up an isometric view and section it. ) a. Related: Making Isometric dimension and text in AutoCAD You can use this tool to create simple drawings on already set up isometric dot paper. Make this your current layer. It is not a model. Make your settings the same as what you see below (just turn on Isometric Your dimension will now align with the geometry to make it look like isometric dimension. Isometric Drawing. How to Make an Isometric Drawing Duane Burtner, Instructor Step 1 If the starting point is not given, begin your drawing about 1” up from the title block and 2/3’s across the page from the left margin Step 2 From the starting point, draw lines 30 deg. com courses again, please join LinkedIn Learning Steps in constructing an isometric drawing. Create a wireframe. Step 2: Outline. The process only involves taking each individual component or part of the object and separate them (project them) along the diagonal grid plane lines. Projecting within a box – For more complicated isometric drawings you need to know exactly how the geometry is located in relation to the projections. 1. In some instances, to draw a stunning illusion of three dimensions on a two-dimensional surface, these isometric drawing is used. Isometric drawing is a three dimensional drawing method that works with a group of three parallel lines set at 90 and 30 degrees to the horizontal. Lynda. If you are interested, you can download the “isopoly” program here. …The cursor also matches that. Your dimension will now align with the geometry to make it look like isometric dimension. In an isometric projection or drawing, an angle never appears in its true size, Even an angle formed by normal lines, such as each of the 90-degree corner angles of the block shown in the bottom part of figure 5-41, appears distorted in isometric. To convert orthographic projection into isometric projection is still become a big job especially for a beginner. The same way as you create a flat view of a sheet metal. Type in DDRMODES to bring up the Drawing Aids dialog box. 264° as above, and then rotated ±45° around the vertical axis. But I'm wondering that, how can I make it most pratically? I've transform the rotate to 45'. It is especially useful when we need to have isometric projection. IsoMaker-Pro, allows you to harness the power of AutoCAD for creation of complex isometric drawings with ease. dwt template. Is there a way to dimension this drawing correctly, with the extension lines following In this set of tutorials, we'll learn how to create isometric drawings in AutoCAD while creating a small structural detail. Ø An isometric drawing is a type of pictorial drawing in which three sides of an object can be seen in one view. Step 2. If you need more than what Illustrator provides by default, try the CADtools plugin for Illustrator, which provides tools for isometric drawing and  26 Jan 2018 Starting drawing in isometric projections in Gravit Designer is as easy as pie. …The x axis is red and the y is green. Isometric Circles, Arcs, and Fillets. We invite you to write freely and share your knowledge based on AutoCAD with other users. Line the rotary angle ruler up with the horizontal and vertical line. For making an isometric drawing, first of all, enter a command “SNAPSTYL”. Floorplan. Rectangular objects are easy to draw using box construction, which consists of imagining the object  Draw the Isometric and Natural scale, mark each dimension on the Natural scale, drop a perpendicular on the horizontal line, and transfer the corresponding  16. Use light lines only. To create a section for a 3D view with a cutting plane that is in alignment with the 3D view, requires a cut at the assembly or part model level. …It contains three different planes, left, top and right. PiCAD (Piping Isometric CAD) – a small CAD add-on for BricsCAD/progeCAD/ GStarCAD which can help to draw pipe isometrics in the „mouse turn“ – well  8 Sep 2009 Do you need to create isometric drawing in AutoCAD? Try using this tool to make it easier for you! 27 Jul 2012 AutoCAD has an isometric drawing mode that lets you drawing 3D-looking objects in 2D just like when you draw 3D objects on a flat sheet of  The Isometric command changes the current viewport properties to a parallel projection isometric view looking from a specified quadrant toward 0. Isometric drawings - Create an isometric drawing with a Block Diagram With Perspective template In Visio, on the File menu, click New > General, and then click the Block Diagram With Perspective Choose between Metric Units or US Units, and click Create. Hi everyone. Rotate your isometric drawing. Let's define what an Isometric Drawing is first before going into more detail. Isometric drawings are also called isometric projections. On a new layer, using your base as a starting point, ink in the outline. to the right, and 90 deg. In one of the earlier lessons, we turned on the snapping to the endpoint of a line with the. In this video, author Shaun Bryant demonstrates how to create isometric drawings in AutoCAD. That adds this control to the status bar. Piping Fabricator Send spool drawings with confidence to your shop floor and get accurate spools built for your customers. Illustration Tutorial will help you create isometric grid-based 3D letters. 11 Making an Isometric Drawing. This type of drawing is often used by engineers and illustrators that specialize in technical drawings. How to Create Isometric Arms Step 1. Remove the base layer In an isometric drawing, precise measurements must be applied, that is why a ruler or other materials used for measurement is required in drawing the desired objects. 810, 2004 FRONT 1. up with light construction lines. You can achieve the same thing by typing end when the program is expecting a point. What Is Isometric Drawing Software? Isometric Drawing Software is a drawing tool which helps to draw 3D images to 2D drawings. Isometric grids are relatively easy to set up, and once you've mastered the basics of isometric If you draw a cube in an isometric view the vertical is vertical and the two other directions are with an angle of 120°. 810, 2004. To draw the circle in isometric projection simply measure each distance down each vertical line on the normal grid and transfer it to the isometric grid. Illustration Tutorial Create Isometric Grid-Based 3D Lettering. Other Isometric Features. The easiest way to draw an ellipse with the correct shape is to use the Isocircle option of the ELLIPSE command. Draw a short vertical line up from the horizontal line. Just right click on the view again and select Remove Isometric View. How To Make Isometric Drawing In AutoCAD?, How To Do Isometric View and Top View In Autocad? in Hindi videos For FREE at Learnvern. Isometric tools allow the users to create drawings on isometric dot paper. Starting with the camera aligned parallel to the floor and aligned to the coordinate axes, it is first rotated downwards around the horizontal axes by about 35. The cube opposite, has been drawn in isometric projection. The Isocircle option is available only when an isometric plane is active, which is controlled by the ISODRAFT command or the SNAPSTYL system variable. Isometric drawing is way of presenting designs/drawings in three dimensions. Isometric Grid and Grid Snap. In this guide I will show you how to draw out a simple isometric house. In an isometric map template your straight lines should always be parallel to the ones on the grid. Place the capsule on top of the character's shoulder. Its primary function is to convert orthographic views into isometric views – but many other tools are also included such as a isometric fastener and isometric steel shapes utility. Select the one required, by double-clicking, and then the pipe line for hose and from dialog box, pick-up the angle of in-line hose, or flexible hose. It allows the designer to draw in 3D quickly and with a  6 Apr 2018 3. Isometric drawing is a great way to present a 2D design in three dimensions. To create an exploded drawing view: In the assembly: Create a new configuration. What I learned from trying to make an Isometric game in Unity I'm the programmer at AlPixel Games . To create an isometric drawing of an imagined objet just keep in mind the horizontal line and the 30 degree angles at all times. STEP 5  Check the accuracy of your drawing. This time it explains advanced isometric illustration techniques. Perspective drawing is a way of presenting a three dimensional look by replicating how our eyes judge depth. OSNAP command. Isometric Drawings in AutoCAD – R Greenlee Page | 2 Next draw the right face of the box. Isometric Drawing . Choose the best one for your work needs. The dimensions are drawn with a factor of 0. Explore david photography's board "Isometric drawing exercises" on Pinterest. It's a type of axonometric drawing in which the same scale is used for every axis, resulting in a non-distorted image. You can post your comments, give your opinion and make your own assessment of the video that you have seen in which it explains everything about How to draw Isometric Drawing in AutoCAD. If you want to do 3D designs you have just to show your work with the 4 isometric views available in the menu View, 3D point of view: There is isometric paper that can be placed under your normal piece of drawing paper as an aid. Isometric drawing is a way of 3D representation of an object on 2D surface. … To change it back. Let’s get to creating an isometric cube. The drawing software is able to import the 2D drawings and then we can draw the isometric projection. In addition to normal placement, we will need to take care of depth sorting for drawing the isometric world. This tool is optimized for your desktop and tablet and makes easier the process of sketching an illustration. Pierre is a Pluralsight training pioneer. As you do more and more work on an isometric map, You can use tracing components in isometric view in AutoCAD instead of tracking polar supporting angles - isometric view mode in AutoCAD and ORTHO mode. ISOMETRIC DRAWINGS ISOMETRIC DRAWINGS -- Layout Location and direction help to properly orient the isometric drawing A north arrow give direction and should ALWAYS point to the upper-right corner of the paper Structural reference points that provide location can be shown on isometric Dimensions MUST always be given to points of 3. For details, see Creating Configurations Manually. When you switch from orthographic to isometric drawing, the grid and grid snap will change from a rectangular pattern to a diamond pattern corresponding to the isometric angles. turn into a block (insertion point the same as rotation base point) Steps in constructing an isometric drawing. …Draw a line and let's draw the left side of a mechanical part. It is a convenient drawing system because unlike perspective drawing, it enables the illustrator to calculate real measurements in any axis, including on receding planes. For dimensions B and C you can use the same method with the oblique angle of 30 and -30 respectively. Exploded Views in Drawings. Isometric representations of various simple shapes: FRONT Two ways to create an isometric drawing: 16. Start your New Document and head on top the Document Panel. Rectangular objects are easy to draw using box construction, which consists of imagining the object enclosed in a rectangular box whose sides coincide with the main faces of the object. However, the method described here works best when  In this set of tutorials, we'll learn how to create isometric drawings in AutoCAD while creating a small structural detail. Since becoming the first CAD and BIM tutor at Digital-Tutors (now a Pluralsight company), Pierre has Instead of having to draw all your lines at 30 degree angles or use an isometric grid to aid your drawing, Illustrator has a feature that will calculate and draw isometric shapes for you by converting 2D shapes into isometric ones. Once saved it becomes availeble in your drawing view by changing the view in the view properties to your created isometric view. We tend to call every non-perspective 3-dimensional drawing “isometric. Isometric Drawing is a technique, like perspective drawing, that is used by artists and designers to represent three-dimensional forms on a two-dimensional picture plane. Draftsight Highlights – Easily draw “Isometric Views” within Draftsight. Three views of the same image are combined to make an isometric drawing. In addition, the grid lines will change to grid dots, and the grid and grid snap distances will also be adjusted. Use a 90 corner to set the straight edge squarely on Creating an exploded isometric diagram. For comparison, on the figure below you can see a cube in two types of isometric projections Step-by-step tutorial lesson on the construction of a simple isometric drawing with orthographic projection that would typically be used in an assembly drawing, exploded isometric diagrams, patent drawing, mechanical drafting and technical or repair manual. Faces of an isometric cube. converting a drawing to an isometric is possible. But, sometimes you may have to work on something other than this type of camera. Now I’ll explain how to draw an isometric drawing step-by-step in AutoCAD by making a sample drawing as given below. Through this post, we will introduce you to the ultimate Top ten isometric drawing tools which you must have in your system for all your designing needs which are listed below. Use isometric grid paper (30, 90, 150 lines) or underlay paper to provide the axes and sketch the object. In this case, made a forced snapping the cursor to the axes of the rectangular isometric view, and a retreat of construction objects distinct from the axes is not possible (with the exception of using object snaps in AutoCAD). Need an isometric grid to design something? It's easy to make one using Adobe Illustrator. rotate dwg (object) in question by 45degrees 2. When we view large objects in a room or outdoors, we generally see a perspective view. When you need to create a circle, use an ellipse. STEP 3  Draw the “box” or the crate lines. Dialogue box appears on screen showing the type of drawing PROGRAM for PIPING ISOMETRIC DRAWINGS will draw. What should I do now? Isometric means "equal measure". You can shift, rotate, color, decompose,  See more ideas about Isometric drawing, Perspective and Buildings. 11 Jan 2018 A 2D isometric drawing is a flat representation of a 3D isometric projection. In this example three edges of the cube have been drawn over the guidelines (they are slightly darker) 2) Remember to draw the line of length equal to isometric scale. It’s not a 3D drawing, it’s a 2D drawing. SPOOLCAD enables the creation of piping isometric drawings and detailed shop fabrication spool drawings for process plant drafting and construction. Once you have a completed isometric drawing of an object it is a relatively simple procedure to take that drawing and create an exploded isometric view. You are interested How to create isometric drawing in Autocad | How to draw Isometric Drawing in AutoCAD. In an isometric drawing, the object's vertical lines are drawn vertically, and the horizontal lines in the width and depth planes are shown at 30 degrees to the horizontal. So making sure you're using the isometric layer which is there in the last panel in the home tab on the ribbon. Select axes along which to block in height, width, and depth dimentions. Exercise 1 - Isometric Drafting Begin a new drawing using the acad. Each height, depth and width are precisely measured before you begin making the  Inkscape includes axonometric Grids that can be used to rapidly draw isometrically projected boxes. I should transform this to the diamond at right. An Isometric Drawing is drawing details representing pipes, fittings, and fixtures at a 45° angle, in plain terms its the plumbing drawing scheme. Discover RONIDraftboard as smart and complete  17 Jun 2018 You can't succeed in 3D drawing without learning how to view your model In this tutorial, you will become familiar with AutoCAD's Isometric  30 Apr 2013 Here is awesome tutorial by Olga Bikmullina that explains 3 different techniques for creating artwork with an isometric projection using Inkscape  Create isometric drawings of objects, including a piping system. I think that ‘true’ isometric projection suits better to technical drawing, whereas ‘2:1’ isometric projection is mostly used in design. As you can see below, you can quickly draw polygon in your isometric drawing. We show an example below how to make isometric projection form orthographic projection. For this purpose you can project your 2D-projections onto the sides of an isometric box, that you can turn into a desired angle, and you can build your isometric view inside the box, using Plan oblique and Isometric Technical Drawings So within this blog we have visited the different projection techniques we can use to represent our interiors, buildings and objects etc. Note that an isometric view created from a product can be re-used for generating an exploded view. Just make sure you draw the section line across the entire view and don’t have those selected. Use the Rounded Rectangle Tool to create a white capsule for the shirt sleeve. It was created in the time of pixel art and is used till today because a 30º angle might look too steep. To produce an isometric projection, it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Draw the grid in isometric using a 30 degree set square, being careful to use the same measurements as the original grid which surrounds the circle. From the Blocks with Perspective stencil, Create an isometric view from orthographic drawing. In this tutorial you'll take a creative drawing and work it through an isometric grid in Illustrator, as well as vector build techniques, to create this stylized isometric illustration. com is now LinkedIn Learning! To access Lynda. If you are in the process of creating a Draftsight drawing – and need to create a quick isometric view – you can follow the process bel And you'll see what I mean when we actually finish the drawing, on how it creates a very simple isometric view. (RMB on the Grid icon on the bottom, hit Settings, then hit the Isometric radio button under “Orientation”. An isometric drawing is a type of 3D drawing that is set out using 30-degree angles. To Know more with free videos visit Learnvern. I have a 2 dimensional isometric drawing. You select the geometry, around which you want to draw an outline, and the contour-function will find the outline automatically. Perspective vs isometric. Creating An Isometric Object Step 1: The Sketch and the grid. Use a straight edge and a 30/60/90 triangle (see diagram. You don’t have to draw on the lines (although when you’re starting out, it really helps). Make it isometric. By practicing on manufacturing parts, machinery parts of isometric drawing exercises with solutions we analyze how to draw isometric view from orthographic views and to practice 3D models in autocad is used to enhance our design skills in autocad and also you get maximum on how to draw isometric view in autocad. …Let's also turn on ortho and snap. Step 1: Switch your grid settings to Isometric. It is possible to make the most complex objects entirely on an isometric grid using the method I discussed in the last tutorial. The goal is to represent three-dimensional designs on two-dimensional drawings. This uses Third Angle Projection to orient the views. . …Click here to enable isometric mode. It will teach you a series of steps to build a grid, draw, light and colour your letters to make it change to a 3D design. If this is all  13 Nov 2017 In this video, author Shaun Bryant demonstrates how to create isometric drawings in AutoCAD. Having a well-done set of isometric drawings is like having a well-done set of instructions to build a swing set. Moreover, here I’ll tell you how to draw eight simple 3D isometric shapes. Step 3. You have to make the first isometric 90 degrees off so the section shows the isometric view you want. Duplicate the shape and send it to the back (Right Click > Arrange > Send to Back). Creo Elements/Direct Annotation provides eight isometric view options in the Add drawing or the view owner, and on the Set the default drawing/view settings. How to create a true isometric camera for architecture? In architectural visualization, we often have to deal with a camera that mimics the human eye, by placing it inside a room or at ground level outside a building model. We have highlighted how to draw plans, elevations and sections, and understand how important they are when bringing a design idea to paper and presenting them to Any section created at the drawing level will be done so using a cutting plane that is normal to the screen. You can create an exploded drawing view from an existing exploded assembly view. This type of drawing is  12 Jun 2019 In the following tutorial, you will learn how to create a minimal set of isometric food icons in Adobe Illustrator. It also has an option to rotate, shift and you can view them in 2D or 3D. Spin the shape around by 45 degrees 3. You can directly start isometric drawing using ISODRAFT option of the status bar. Learn everything you want about AutoCAD in 2019 and increase your knowledge. Intro to Isometric Drawing. If you see the case of the cube, the bottom isometric face (which is hidden) is actually same as the top isometric face. If you are new to isometric drawing  2 Nov 2018 In an isometric projection, the plane is placed in such a way that all the, three visible sides of the object make same angle with one another. Choose to display your isometric drawing with or without axis. how i will get 3D(isometric) cut section view in UG nx Drafting? 1 answer 911 views 0 followers can anyone please upload a tutorial on how to create animation showing first the exploded view of my model and then the parts going to their respective positions in CATIA V5 ???? What I learned from trying to make an Isometric game in Unity I'm the programmer at AlPixel Games . Choose to display a solid or transparent isometric An isometric drawing allows the designer to draw an object in three dimensions. Rest of the process is same as mentioned above. When we assemble the left and the right isometric views, the bottom face is automatically formed (which remains invisible throughout). Draw figures using edges, faces, or cubes. A thirty-degree angle is evenly applied to the sides of an image in order to make it as a three-dimensional image. And then enter an initial value for ”SNAPSTYL” as…‘1’. You can use options like decompose, rotate, change colors, and view in 2‑D or 3‑D. For example, when an engineer has an idea for a new product, Here is way to draw an Isometric view projection drawing step by step. …The icon changes to a red and green symbol. Print your isometric drawing, as it is shown in the workspace. This method of drawing provides a fast way to create an isometric  In an isometric drawing, the object's vertical lines are drawn In order to get a more complete view of the object, an  Use this interactive tool to create dynamic drawings on isometric dot paper. The red  High flexibility and mobility are standards that can be reached when creating isometric drawings as well. Using this tool while in an active isometric mode will show and extra sub-option in the command line. Exceptions. Isometric Drawings. Draw a horizontal line across your page. Create a layer called OBJECT and give it a green color. ) Step 2: Turn on Ortho Snapping (Select the “Ortho” button on the bottom) Step 3: Draw! Switching “planes” is as easy as hitting the F5 button on your keyboard. Click on ISODRAFT icon on the status bar as shown in the image above and select plane on which you want to create your drawing by pressing F5 key. Today you’ll find out how to create isometric vector infographic elements with the help of 3D effects. This will help to make the project more approachable. In these lessons we explore the graphic qualities of isometric drawing, as opposed to its functional qualities, and use them to create You can post your comments, give your opinion and make your own assessment of the video that you have seen in which it explains everything about How to draw Isometric Drawing in AutoCAD. As you can see, this drawing is very simple and quick to implement. There is another method that is much more useful for creating curvy or complex isometric objects in Adobe Illustrator. Building an isometric dungeon. Follow this tutorial to learn how! Go to File > New > New Document, and have the document How to draw an isometric house 1. Move two steps in the inverse Y-axis along the grid, and then move two steps down. We never draw the bottom face because it is redundant. It is used for a approximate purpose and all horizontal lines are at 30 degrees to baseline. to the left, 30 deg. how to make isometric drawing

da, f7, iu, hi, g5, wc, nl, gq, dz, wl, 1m, ui, jg, r2, w7, ih, 3i, 3f, hs, me, 1k, in, zq, 2w, io, ns, d7, 09, lp, 8q, ll,